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2018高考英语:海南省第二次模拟试题

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2018年06月08日

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单选题 (本大题共15小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从短文后每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Questioning the existence ofaliens is something that scientists have done for decades. In fact, most peopledo believe that aliens exist in some fashion. The main necessities for life arewater and some form of energy source. Not surprisingly, there are some planets,exoplanets and moons that fit the bill. Here are several best chances atfinding life in the universe.

◆TRAPPIST-1

TRAPPIST-1 is a planetarysystem a few dozen light-years away, whose discovery was announced in early2017. This system consists of seven Earth-like exoplanets orbiting an"ultra-cool" star, and it is one of our shots at finding possiblelife beyond our own solar system.

◆Titan

Titan is the largest moon ofSaturn, the sixth planet from our Sun. This moon could potentially harbor lifebut possibly not in the sense that we think. Titan does not exactly fit thedescription of being in a typical habitable zone.

Titan has water, and it hasliquid. It just doesn't have liquid water. The water on this moon is completelysolid because of the extremely cold temperature.

◆Europa

Europa is one of Jupiter'smoons here in our own solar system. It is another candidate due to itspotential to hold liquid water. Europa is thought to have all the necessitiesfor life including water, energy sources, and the right chemical build-up.

◆Mars

The Red Planet, the fourthfrom the Sun, is probably one of the most talked-about potential candidates forextraterrestrial(地球外的) life and even for human colonization. Despite some different voices,finding extraterrestrial life on Mars really is a serious possibility.

We know by now that we won'tfind little green men or any intelligent form of life that we understand.However, there is evidence that there was and may still be microscopic life onthe small red planet.

The common point of these celestial bodies is that _______.

A. solid water exists on them respectively

B. life might exist on each of them

C. they all contain liquid water

D. each of them has living things on it

A

Questioning the existence ofaliens is something that scientists have done for decades. In fact, most peopledo believe that aliens exist in some fashion. The main necessities for life arewater and some form of energy source. Not surprisingly, there are some planets,exoplanets and moons that fit the bill. Here are several best chances atfinding life in the universe.

◆TRAPPIST-1

TRAPPIST-1 is a planetarysystem a few dozen light-years away, whose discovery was announced in early2017. This system consists of seven Earth-like exoplanets orbiting an"ultra-cool" star, and it is one of our shots at finding possiblelife beyond our own solar system.

◆Titan

Titan is the largest moon ofSaturn, the sixth planet from our Sun. This moon could potentially harbor lifebut possibly not in the sense that we think. Titan does not exactly fit thedescription of being in a typical habitable zone.

Titan has water, and it hasliquid. It just doesn't have liquid water. The water on this moon is completelysolid because of the extremely cold temperature.

◆Europa

Europa is one of Jupiter'smoons here in our own solar system. It is another candidate due to itspotential to hold liquid water. Europa is thought to have all the necessitiesfor life including water, energy sources, and the right chemical build-up.

◆Mars

The Red Planet, the fourthfrom the Sun, is probably one of the most talked-about potential candidates forextraterrestrial(地球外的) life and even for human colonization. Despite some different voices,finding extraterrestrial life on Mars really is a serious possibility.

We know by now that we won'tfind little green men or any intelligent form of life that we understand.However, there is evidence that there was and may still be microscopic life onthe small red planet.

Which celestial body could have life different from human imagination?

A. TRAPPIST-1.

B. Titan.

C. Europa.

D. Mars.

A

Questioning the existence ofaliens is something that scientists have done for decades. In fact, most peopledo believe that aliens exist in some fashion. The main necessities for life arewater and some form of energy source. Not surprisingly, there are some planets,exoplanets and moons that fit the bill. Here are several best chances atfinding life in the universe.

◆TRAPPIST-1

TRAPPIST-1 is a planetarysystem a few dozen light-years away, whose discovery was announced in early2017. This system consists of seven Earth-like exoplanets orbiting an"ultra-cool" star, and it is one of our shots at finding possiblelife beyond our own solar system.

◆Titan

Titan is the largest moon ofSaturn, the sixth planet from our Sun. This moon could potentially harbor lifebut possibly not in the sense that we think. Titan does not exactly fit thedescription of being in a typical habitable zone.

Titan has water, and it hasliquid. It just doesn't have liquid water. The water on this moon is completelysolid because of the extremely cold temperature.

◆Europa

Europa is one of Jupiter'smoons here in our own solar system. It is another candidate due to itspotential to hold liquid water. Europa is thought to have all the necessitiesfor life including water, energy sources, and the right chemical build-up.

◆Mars

The Red Planet, the fourthfrom the Sun, is probably one of the most talked-about potential candidates forextraterrestrial(地球外的) life and even for human colonization. Despite some different voices,finding extraterrestrial life on Mars really is a serious possibility.

We know by now that we won'tfind little green men or any intelligent form of life that we understand.However, there is evidence that there was and may still be microscopic life onthe small red planet.

Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. Europa is the most talked-about potential candidate for extraterrestrial life.

B. TRAPPIST-1 is the only body that contains life beyond the solar system.

C. All the scientists do believe that aliens exist in some manner.

D. There is proof that life existed on the celestial body Mars.

B

About a monthafter I joined 脸书, I got a call from Lori Goler, a highly regarded seniordirector of marketing at eBay. She made it clear this was a business call. “Iwant to apply to work with you at 脸书,” she said. “Instead of recommendingmyself, I want to ask you: What is your biggest problem, and how can I solveit?”

Myjaw hit the floor. I had hired thousands of people over the previous decade andno one had ever said anything remotely like that. People usually focus onfinding the right role for themselves, with the implication that their skillswill help the company. Lori put 脸书’s needs front and center. It was akiller approach. I responded, “Recruiting is my biggest problem. And, yes, youcan solve it.”

Lorinever dreamed she would work in recruiting, but she jumped in. She even agreedto trade earnings for acquiring new skills in a new field. Lori did a great jobrunning recruiting and within months was promoted to her current job, leadingPeople@脸书.

Themost common metaphor for careers is a ladder, but this concept no longerapplies to most workers. As of 2010, the average American had eleven jobs fromthe ages of eighteen to forty-six alone. Lori often quotes Pattie Sellers, whocame up with a much better metaphor: “Careers are a jungle gym, not a ladder.”

AsLori describes it, there’s only one way to get to the top of a ladder, butthere are many ways to get to the top of a jungle gym. The jungle gym modelbenefits everyone, but especially women who might be starting careers, switchingcareers, getting blocked by external barriers, or reentering the workforceafter taking time off. The ability to create a unique path with occasionaldips, detours (弯路), and even dead ends presentsgreat views of many people, not just those at the top. On a ladder, most climbersare stuck staring at the butt of the person above.

Why did Lori make the call?

A. She helped 脸书 to solve the biggest problem.

B. She wanted to make a business deal with 脸书.

C. She tried to ask for a pay rise in 脸书.

D. She wanted to become an employee in 脸书.

B

About a monthafter I joined 脸书, I got a call from Lori Goler, a highly regarded seniordirector of marketing at eBay. She made it clear this was a business call. “Iwant to apply to work with you at 脸书,” she said. “Instead of recommendingmyself, I want to ask you: What is your biggest problem, and how can I solveit?”

Myjaw hit the floor. I had hired thousands of people over the previous decade andno one had ever said anything remotely like that. People usually focus onfinding the right role for themselves, with the implication that their skillswill help the company. Lori put 脸书’s needs front and center. It was akiller approach. I responded, “Recruiting is my biggest problem. And, yes, youcan solve it.”

Lorinever dreamed she would work in recruiting, but she jumped in. She even agreedto trade earnings for acquiring new skills in a new field. Lori did a great jobrunning recruiting and within months was promoted to her current job, leadingPeople@脸书.

Themost common metaphor for careers is a ladder, but this concept no longerapplies to most workers. As of 2010, the average American had eleven jobs fromthe ages of eighteen to forty-six alone. Lori often quotes Pattie Sellers, whocame up with a much better metaphor: “Careers are a jungle gym, not a ladder.”

AsLori describes it, there’s only one way to get to the top of a ladder, butthere are many ways to get to the top of a jungle gym. The jungle gym modelbenefits everyone, but especially women who might be starting careers, switchingcareers, getting blocked by external barriers, or reentering the workforceafter taking time off. The ability to create a unique path with occasionaldips, detours (弯路), and even dead ends presentsgreat views of many people, not just those at the top. On a ladder, most climbersare stuck staring at the butt of the person above.

What impressed “I” by Lori?

A. Lori was good at running recruiting.

B. Lori attached great importance to 脸书’s needs.

C. Lori jumped in 脸书 with no adequate experience.

D. Lori was skilled in marketing at eBay.

B

About a monthafter I joined 脸书, I got a call from Lori Goler, a highly regarded seniordirector of marketing at eBay. She made it clear this was a business call. “Iwant to apply to work with you at 脸书,” she said. “Instead of recommendingmyself, I want to ask you: What is your biggest problem, and how can I solveit?”

Myjaw hit the floor. I had hired thousands of people over the previous decade andno one had ever said anything remotely like that. People usually focus onfinding the right role for themselves, with the implication that their skillswill help the company. Lori put 脸书’s needs front and center. It was akiller approach. I responded, “Recruiting is my biggest problem. And, yes, youcan solve it.”

Lorinever dreamed she would work in recruiting, but she jumped in. She even agreedto trade earnings for acquiring new skills in a new field. Lori did a great jobrunning recruiting and within months was promoted to her current job, leadingPeople@脸书.

Themost common metaphor for careers is a ladder, but this concept no longerapplies to most workers. As of 2010, the average American had eleven jobs fromthe ages of eighteen to forty-six alone. Lori often quotes Pattie Sellers, whocame up with a much better metaphor: “Careers are a jungle gym, not a ladder.”

AsLori describes it, there’s only one way to get to the top of a ladder, butthere are many ways to get to the top of a jungle gym. The jungle gym modelbenefits everyone, but especially women who might be starting careers, switchingcareers, getting blocked by external barriers, or reentering the workforceafter taking time off. The ability to create a unique path with occasionaldips, detours (弯路), and even dead ends presentsgreat views of many people, not just those at the top. On a ladder, most climbersare stuck staring at the butt of the person above.

What can we infer from the passage?

A. Now all people don’t tend to climb the ladder.

B. None on the ladder can enjoy the great views.

C. Jungle gyms offer limited exploration for employees.

D. A pregnant woman, jobless, benefits little from the jungle gyms.

B

About a monthafter I joined 脸书, I got a call from Lori Goler, a highly regarded seniordirector of marketing at eBay. She made it clear this was a business call. “Iwant to apply to work with you at 脸书,” she said. “Instead of recommendingmyself, I want to ask you: What is your biggest problem, and how can I solveit?”

Myjaw hit the floor. I had hired thousands of people over the previous decade andno one had ever said anything remotely like that. People usually focus onfinding the right role for themselves, with the implication that their skillswill help the company. Lori put 脸书’s needs front and center. It was akiller approach. I responded, “Recruiting is my biggest problem. And, yes, youcan solve it.”

Lorinever dreamed she would work in recruiting, but she jumped in. She even agreedto trade earnings for acquiring new skills in a new field. Lori did a great jobrunning recruiting and within months was promoted to her current job, leadingPeople@脸书.

Themost common metaphor for careers is a ladder, but this concept no longerapplies to most workers. As of 2010, the average American had eleven jobs fromthe ages of eighteen to forty-six alone. Lori often quotes Pattie Sellers, whocame up with a much better metaphor: “Careers are a jungle gym, not a ladder.”

AsLori describes it, there’s only one way to get to the top of a ladder, butthere are many ways to get to the top of a jungle gym. The jungle gym modelbenefits everyone, but especially women who might be starting careers, switchingcareers, getting blocked by external barriers, or reentering the workforceafter taking time off. The ability to create a unique path with occasionaldips, detours (弯路), and even dead ends presentsgreat views of many people, not just those at the top. On a ladder, most climbersare stuck staring at the butt of the person above.

What is the best title of the passage?

A. It’s a Jungle Gym, Not a Ladder.

B. 脸书’s Biggest Problem.

C. Applying for a Job in 脸书.

D. A Jungle Gym is Better than a Ladder.

C

Careers in zoology are extremely varied and unique,and can provide incredible learning and work opportunities for anyone devotedto animal studies and welfare. Zoology, or the study of animals, is a widefield with many specialties, including research, conservation, veterinary (兽医的) medicine, and the care of animals. For peoplewith a love of animals and some training, dreams of careers in zoology may cometrue.

Some careers in zoology focus on research andscientific studies. These careers may allow those with a good theoreticalscience background to develop and run studies that improve human understandingof the animal world. Research in zoology can help create safer and moreeffective products for animals or can teach humans more about animal behaviorin order to aid in conservation, breeding programs, and habitat preservation.

Careers in zoology that focus on conservation attachgreat importance to the continued survival and increased protection of animalspecies. Conservationists may work with political groups or governments to helpmake laws to protect and preserve animals, or may work in the field gatheringinformation on potential threats to the health of global ecosystems. Someconservationists work in educational fields, trying to improve human efforts tosave animals from extinction.

Animals are subject to illness and injury, and somecareers in zoology help to create a safe, stable animal population. Veterinarymedicine is an important specialty field, and may take several years ofintensive training to qualify as a certified veterinarian. While manyveterinarians focus on the small-animal practice of domestic pets, vets inrural areas often work with large farm animals and more adventurousveterinarians may work with exotic species in zoos and wildlife preserves. .

Humans love to observe animals, and modern-day zoosand wildlife preserves help meet that interest while providing facilities toassist with conservation programs. Zoology careers in zoos can range fromoverseeing breeding programs, to creating the proper diet for a deer, tocleaning the tiger’s cage. Many volunteer and entry-level jobs are availablefor people that love animals.

What is the purpose of researching on animals in zoology?

A. To help governments make laws.

B. To improve researchers’ scientific knowledge.

C. To create safe and effective products for humans.

D. To educate people to protect animals.

C

Careers in zoology are extremely varied and unique,and can provide incredible learning and work opportunities for anyone devotedto animal studies and welfare. Zoology, or the study of animals, is a widefield with many specialties, including research, conservation, veterinary (兽医的) medicine, and the care of animals. For peoplewith a love of animals and some training, dreams of careers in zoology may cometrue.

Some careers in zoology focus on research andscientific studies. These careers may allow those with a good theoreticalscience background to develop and run studies that improve human understandingof the animal world. Research in zoology can help create safer and moreeffective products for animals or can teach humans more about animal behaviorin order to aid in conservation, breeding programs, and habitat preservation.

Careers in zoology that focus on conservation attachgreat importance to the continued survival and increased protection of animalspecies. Conservationists may work with political groups or governments to helpmake laws to protect and preserve animals, or may work in the field gatheringinformation on potential threats to the health of global ecosystems. Someconservationists work in educational fields, trying to improve human efforts tosave animals from extinction.

Animals are subject to illness and injury, and somecareers in zoology help to create a safe, stable animal population. Veterinarymedicine is an important specialty field, and may take several years ofintensive training to qualify as a certified veterinarian. While manyveterinarians focus on the small-animal practice of domestic pets, vets inrural areas often work with large farm animals and more adventurousveterinarians may work with exotic species in zoos and wildlife preserves. .

Humans love to observe animals, and modern-day zoosand wildlife preserves help meet that interest while providing facilities toassist with conservation programs. Zoology careers in zoos can range fromoverseeing breeding programs, to creating the proper diet for a deer, tocleaning the tiger’s cage. Many volunteer and entry-level jobs are availablefor people that love animals.

What can careers in zoology that focus on veterinary medicine help?

A. Better understand animals.

B. Protect animals’ health.

C. Clean the animals’ cages.

D. Increase the number of animals.

C

Careers in zoology are extremely varied and unique,and can provide incredible learning and work opportunities for anyone devotedto animal studies and welfare. Zoology, or the study of animals, is a widefield with many specialties, including research, conservation, veterinary (兽医的) medicine, and the care of animals. For peoplewith a love of animals and some training, dreams of careers in zoology may cometrue.

Some careers in zoology focus on research andscientific studies. These careers may allow those with a good theoreticalscience background to develop and run studies that improve human understandingof the animal world. Research in zoology can help create safer and moreeffective products for animals or can teach humans more about animal behaviorin order to aid in conservation, breeding programs, and habitat preservation.

Careers in zoology that focus on conservation attachgreat importance to the continued survival and increased protection of animalspecies. Conservationists may work with political groups or governments to helpmake laws to protect and preserve animals, or may work in the field gatheringinformation on potential threats to the health of global ecosystems. Someconservationists work in educational fields, trying to improve human efforts tosave animals from extinction.

Animals are subject to illness and injury, and somecareers in zoology help to create a safe, stable animal population. Veterinarymedicine is an important specialty field, and may take several years ofintensive training to qualify as a certified veterinarian. While manyveterinarians focus on the small-animal practice of domestic pets, vets inrural areas often work with large farm animals and more adventurousveterinarians may work with exotic species in zoos and wildlife preserves. .

Humans love to observe animals, and modern-day zoosand wildlife preserves help meet that interest while providing facilities toassist with conservation programs. Zoology careers in zoos can range fromoverseeing breeding programs, to creating the proper diet for a deer, tocleaning the tiger’s cage. Many volunteer and entry-level jobs are availablefor people that love animals.

Which of the following shows the structure of the whole passage?

 

\

 

 

\

 

 

\

 

 

\

 

(P1=paragraph 1; P2= paragraph 2; P3= paragraph 3; P4= paragraph 1; P5= paragraph 5;)

A. A

B. B

C. C

D. D

C

Careers in zoology are extremely varied and unique,and can provide incredible learning and work opportunities for anyone devotedto animal studies and welfare. Zoology, or the study of animals, is a widefield with many specialties, including research, conservation, veterinary (兽医的) medicine, and the care of animals. For peoplewith a love of animals and some training, dreams of careers in zoology may cometrue.

Some careers in zoology focus on research andscientific studies. These careers may allow those with a good theoreticalscience background to develop and run studies that improve human understandingof the animal world. Research in zoology can help create safer and moreeffective products for animals or can teach humans more about animal behaviorin order to aid in conservation, breeding programs, and habitat preservation.

Careers in zoology that focus on conservation attachgreat importance to the continued survival and increased protection of animalspecies. Conservationists may work with political groups or governments to helpmake laws to protect and preserve animals, or may work in the field gatheringinformation on potential threats to the health of global ecosystems. Someconservationists work in educational fields, trying to improve human efforts tosave animals from extinction.

Animals are subject to illness and injury, and somecareers in zoology help to create a safe, stable animal population. Veterinarymedicine is an important specialty field, and may take several years ofintensive training to qualify as a certified veterinarian. While manyveterinarians focus on the small-animal practice of domestic pets, vets inrural areas often work with large farm animals and more adventurousveterinarians may work with exotic species in zoos and wildlife preserves. .

Humans love to observe animals, and modern-day zoosand wildlife preserves help meet that interest while providing facilities toassist with conservation programs. Zoology careers in zoos can range fromoverseeing breeding programs, to creating the proper diet for a deer, tocleaning the tiger’s cage. Many volunteer and entry-level jobs are availablefor people that love animals.

What does the passage mainly present?

A. Volunteers’ passion for zoology.

B. A new idea of careers in zoology.

C. Different types of careers in zoology.

D. Effective measures of animal protection.

D

NEW YORK-A massive winter storm paralyzed much of the US East Coast on Thursday andFriday, dumping as much as 46 centimeters of snow from the Carolinas to Maine.It also caused flooding on the streets of Boston due to swelling storm tides,forced the cancellation of nearly 5,000 flights and closed businesses, officesand schools.

Somemeteorologists (气象学家) classified the storm as a"bomb cyclone" for its sharp drop in atmospheric pressure would befollowed immediately by a blast of cold air that could break records in morethan two dozen cities and bring wind chills as low as -40℃ during the weekend.

FromBaltimore, Maryland, to Caribou in Maine, efforts were underway to clearroadways of ice and snow as wind chill temperatures were to plungeduring the day, reaching -40℃ in some parts after sundown, according to theNational Weather Service.

Utilitycompanies across the East worked to repair downed power lines early on Fridayas about 21,000 customers remained without electricity, down from almost 80,000the day before, and issued warnings that temperatures may become dangerouslylow.

"Ifthe temperature in your home begins to fall, we recommend taking shelterelsewhere until service can be restored. You can find warming centers bycontacting local authorities," National Grid power company, which servesMassachusetts, said on Twitter.

Airlinescanceled 4,000 flights on Thursday and hundreds more on Friday, according toFlightAware.com, an online tracking service.

Mayor Billde Blasio said it could feel like -30℃ on Friday and Saturdaynights with the wind chill. "This is a serious, serious storm, and may bethe most severe in 2018," he said at a news conference.

New YorkGovernor Andrew Cuomo declared a state of emergency for the southern part ofthe state, while New Jersey Governor Chris Christie declared a state ofemergency for several counties.

Which of the following is NOT the consequence of the massive winter storm?

A. Breakdown of the US coast

B. Flooding in Boston.

C. Cancellation of nearly 5,000 flights.

D. Closure in business, offices, and schools.

D

NEW YORK-A massive winter storm paralyzed much of the US East Coast on Thursday andFriday, dumping as much as 46 centimeters of snow from the Carolinas to Maine.It also caused flooding on the streets of Boston due to swelling storm tides,forced the cancellation of nearly 5,000 flights and closed businesses, officesand schools.

Somemeteorologists (气象学家) classified the storm as a"bomb cyclone" for its sharp drop in atmospheric pressure would befollowed immediately by a blast of cold air that could break records in morethan two dozen cities and bring wind chills as low as -40℃ during the weekend.

FromBaltimore, Maryland, to Caribou in Maine, efforts were underway to clearroadways of ice and snow as wind chill temperatures were to plungeduring the day, reaching -40℃ in some parts after sundown, according to theNational Weather Service.

Utilitycompanies across the East worked to repair downed power lines early on Fridayas about 21,000 customers remained without electricity, down from almost 80,000the day before, and issued warnings that temperatures may become dangerouslylow.

"Ifthe temperature in your home begins to fall, we recommend taking shelterelsewhere until service can be restored. You can find warming centers bycontacting local authorities," National Grid power company, which servesMassachusetts, said on Twitter.

Airlinescanceled 4,000 flights on Thursday and hundreds more on Friday, according toFlightAware.com, an online tracking service.

Mayor Billde Blasio said it could feel like -30℃ on Friday and Saturdaynights with the wind chill. "This is a serious, serious storm, and may bethe most severe in 2018," he said at a news conference.

New YorkGovernor Andrew Cuomo declared a state of emergency for the southern part ofthe state, while New Jersey Governor Chris Christie declared a state ofemergency for several counties.

Why did some meteorologists classify this winter storm as “bomb cyclone”?

A. Because it will cause changeable atmospheric pressure.

B. Because the scale of this storm could break records in lots of cities.

C. Because of the deadly and destructive effects of this storm.

D. Because of the extremely cold air and the wind chills in this storm.

D

NEW YORK-A massive winter storm paralyzed much of the US East Coast on Thursday andFriday, dumping as much as 46 centimeters of snow from the Carolinas to Maine.It also caused flooding on the streets of Boston due to swelling storm tides,forced the cancellation of nearly 5,000 flights and closed businesses, officesand schools.

Somemeteorologists (气象学家) classified the storm as a"bomb cyclone" for its sharp drop in atmospheric pressure would befollowed immediately by a blast of cold air that could break records in morethan two dozen cities and bring wind chills as low as -40℃ during the weekend.

FromBaltimore, Maryland, to Caribou in Maine, efforts were underway to clearroadways of ice and snow as wind chill temperatures were to plungeduring the day, reaching -40℃ in some parts after sundown, according to theNational Weather Service.

Utilitycompanies across the East worked to repair downed power lines early on Fridayas about 21,000 customers remained without electricity, down from almost 80,000the day before, and issued warnings that temperatures may become dangerouslylow.

"Ifthe temperature in your home begins to fall, we recommend taking shelterelsewhere until service can be restored. You can find warming centers bycontacting local authorities," National Grid power company, which servesMassachusetts, said on Twitter.

Airlinescanceled 4,000 flights on Thursday and hundreds more on Friday, according toFlightAware.com, an online tracking service.

Mayor Billde Blasio said it could feel like -30℃ on Friday and Saturdaynights with the wind chill. "This is a serious, serious storm, and may bethe most severe in 2018," he said at a news conference.

New YorkGovernor Andrew Cuomo declared a state of emergency for the southern part ofthe state, while New Jersey Governor Chris Christie declared a state ofemergency for several counties.

Which of the following best explains the underlined word “____” in P3?

A. decline steadily

B. drop dramatically

C. fluctuate violently

D. fall moderately

D

NEW YORK-A massive winter storm paralyzed much of the US East Coast on Thursday andFriday, dumping as much as 46 centimeters of snow from the Carolinas to Maine.It also caused flooding on the streets of Boston due to swelling storm tides,forced the cancellation of nearly 5,000 flights and closed businesses, officesand schools.

Somemeteorologists (气象学家) classified the storm as a"bomb cyclone" for its sharp drop in atmospheric pressure would befollowed immediately by a blast of cold air that could break records in morethan two dozen cities and bring wind chills as low as -40℃ during the weekend.

FromBaltimore, Maryland, to Caribou in Maine, efforts were underway to clearroadways of ice and snow as wind chill temperatures were to plungeduring the day, reaching -40℃ in some parts after sundown, according to theNational Weather Service.

Utilitycompanies across the East worked to repair downed power lines early on Fridayas about 21,000 customers remained without electricity, down from almost 80,000the day before, and issued warnings that temperatures may become dangerouslylow.

"Ifthe temperature in your home begins to fall, we recommend taking shelterelsewhere until service can be restored. You can find warming centers bycontacting local authorities," National Grid power company, which servesMassachusetts, said on Twitter.

Airlinescanceled 4,000 flights on Thursday and hundreds more on Friday, according toFlightAware.com, an online tracking service.

Mayor Billde Blasio said it could feel like -30℃ on Friday and Saturdaynights with the wind chill. "This is a serious, serious storm, and may bethe most severe in 2018," he said at a news conference.

New YorkGovernor Andrew Cuomo declared a state of emergency for the southern part ofthe state, while New Jersey Governor Chris Christie declared a state ofemergency for several counties.

About the rescue work, which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

A. People were making great efforts to rid roadways of ice and snow.

B. About 101 thousand people were left without electricity on Thursday.

C. Residents can stay in warming centers until heating service is restored.

D. Aviation service hasn't been brought back to normal yet until Friday.

填空题 (本大题共5小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

"A question brought me to the point of ending my life when I wasfifty years old. My question was the simplest one that lies in every person. Itis the question without which life is impossible: Why do I live?____Is there anything in my life that will not bedestroyed by my death?"

These are the words of the famous Russian writer Leo Tolstoy. Manypeople ask these difficult questions. And they struggle to find meaning intheir life. Tolstoy spent his whole life trying to answer difficult questions likethese. ____

In the 1850s, Leo Tolstoy wrote his first stories. He wrote about hisexperiences in the military. He also told stories about when he was a child. ____He was finally successful. He earned respectfrom many wealthy and intelligent men, who talked a lot about faith and themeaning of life. But soon he found they were proud and they made very bad moralchoices.

____He opened a school for the children of peoplewho worked on his land. They were very poor. He wanted to help them because hethought they were more honest than the wealthy people he knew.

Tolstoy learned many things from his workers. He respected how theyworked hard to provide for their families. ____So in 1862, Leo Tolstoy married a young womannamed 索尼a Behrs. The next 15 years were the best years of Tolstoy's life. Itwas during this time that he wrote his most famous books-- War and Peace and AnnaKarenina. They communicate what he thought was the answer to all hisquestions-- humans were supposed to live a simple life and take care of theirfamilies.

A. These works were published andTolstoy became a well-known writer.

B. How can I realize my dream if Ihave one?

C. Why do I wish for anything, ordo anything?

D. He gained a lot of inspirationswhich had great influence on his following actions.

E. His search for answersinfluenced his writing.

F. So in the 1860s, Tolstoy trieda different way to find the meaning of life.

G. He began to believe that marriage and family wouldgive his life meaning.

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

I comefrom one of those families where you have to yell at the dinner table to get ina word. Everyone has a strong ____ ,and talks at the same time, and no one has a ____ leading to heated arguments. We often talk oreven debate with each other on different topics.

____ a family like mine has made me more ____ about the world around me, making me tend toquestion anything anyone tells me. But it has also made me realize that I’m nota good listener. And when I say “listening”, I’m not ____ to the nodding-your-head-and- ____-answering-Uh-huh-or-Ooh-I-seevariety. I mean the kind of listening where you find yourself deeply ____ with the person you’re speaking with, when hisstory becomes so ____thatyour world becomes less about you and more about him. No, I was never very goodat that.

I spentsummer in South Africa two years ago. I worked for a good non-profit ____ called Noah, which works____ on behalf of children affected by AIDS. But ____ you asked me what I really did in SouthAfrica, I’d tell you one thing: I listened, and I listened. Sometimes I ____,but mostly I listened.

And had Inot spent two months ____, I might have missed the ____ moment when a quiet little girl at one of Noah’scommunity centers, orphaned (孤儿) at the age of three, whisperedafter a long ____ , “I love you.”

____ that summer, I knew how to hear. Icould sit down with anyone and hear their ____ and nod and respond at the ____time—but mostof the time I was ____aboutthe next words out of my own mouth. Ever since my summer in South Africa, Ihave noticed that it’s in those moments when my mouth is closed and my ____ is wide open that I’ve learned the most aboutother people, and perhaps about myself.

21.

A. qualification

B.influence

C. opinion

D.assumption

22.

A. commitment

B.problem

C. schedule

D.request

23.

A. Belonging to

B.Believing in

C. Bringing up

D.Strugglingfor

24.

A. anxious

B.curious

C. nervous

D.adventurous

25.

A. objecting

B.appealing

C. turning

D. referring

26.

A. rudely

B.loudly

C. politely

D.gratefully

27.

A. identifying

B.quarreling

C. debating

D. competing

28.

A.vivid

B. magical

C. mind-numbing

D. time-consuming

29.

A.school

B. organization

C. factory

D.church

30. A. effortlessly

B.timelessly

C. aimlessly

D.tirelessly

31.

A. unless

B.because

C. although

D.if

32.

A. applauded

B.spoke

C.wept

D. complained

33.

A. studying

B.traveling

C. listening

D.working

34.

A. touching

B.frustrating

C. astonishing

D.fascinating

35.

A. delay

B. course

C. journey

D. silence

36.

A. Before

B.After

C. Except

D.Since

37.

A. needs

B. stories

C. comments

D. cases

38.

A. valuable

B.free

C. right

D. same

39.

A. talking

B.arguing

C. learning

D.thinking

40.

A. sympathy

B. spirit

C. mind

D. family

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

A lot of films have tried to describe the afterlife and our memories of family members, ____ few have done as well as Coco, Disney Pixar’s ____ (late) masterpiece animation, which hit the big screen on Nov. 24, 2017.

____ (inspire) by the Mexican holiday of Dia de los Muertos — Day of the Dead — the film’s production team created a young boy, Miguel, who wants his family to understand his love of music. ____ that year’s Dia de los Muertos, ____accident takes him to the Land of the Dead. In this land, there are friendly skeletons who can cross a bridge made of flower petals to visit their living family — that is, as long as their family still puts their photos on the family shrine (神龛). Those spirits who ____ (forget) by their family will disappear completely. So it’s in this magical world ____ Miguel gets to meet and discover the truth about his great-great-grandpa.

In an era ____ young people are so ____ (easy) attracted by celebrities, Coco reveals the emptiness of such flattery, teaching kids to preserve and respect the memory of their elders while ____ (remind) them that the source of true creativity is so often personal.

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Smartphone apps certainly make our life easier. And now, it looks like they could even do our homework for us. Recent years have seen the release of a various of study aid apps aimed at student. Most of these apps allow users to take a photo of our schoolwork and the correct answers will just appear on their smartphones. Convenient they are, these apps present problems with both parents and teachers. Most students just copy the answers from the app, while only a few use the app to study. Better still, some students even use the study aid apps as social networks. Therefore, this isn’t to say that study aid apps should be completely ban. Parents and teachers should give necessary guidance to help students to take the advantage of the study aid apps’ strengths and avoiding their weaknesses.

书面表达(满分25分)

在成长的过程中,大家总是对未来的职业充满憧憬。近期你班将以“My Dream Career” 为题举行演讲比赛。请你根据以下要求写一篇英语演讲稿,内容包括:

1你的理想职业;

2选择它的理由;

3实现的途径。

注意:

1词数100词左右;

2开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数;

3可根据内容要点适当发挥,以使行文连贯。

My Dream Career

Good morning, everyone!____

______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Thank you for listening.

答案

单选题

B B D D B A A D B A C A D B B

填空题

16-20 CEAFG

21-25 CBABD

26-30 CAABD

31-35 DBCAD

36-40 ABCDC

41. but 42. latest 43. Inspired 44. On 45. an 46. are forgotten 47. that 48. when 49. easily 50. reminding

(注:拼写错误、大小写错误等,均视为错误,不得分。)

Smartphone apps certainly make our life easier. And now, it looks like they could even do our homework for us. Recent years have seen the release of a ____variety____ of study aid apps aimed at ____students____. Most of these apps allow users to take a photo of ____their____ schoolwork and the correct answers will just appear on their smartphones. Convenient ∧(加as/though) they are, these apps present problems ____ both parents and teachers. Most students just copy the answers from the app, while only a few use the app to study. ____Worse____ still, some students even use the study aid apps as social networks. ____However____, this isn’t to say that study aid apps should be completely ____banned____. Parents and teachers should give necessary guidance to help students to take ____删掉the____ advantage of the study aid apps’ strengths and ____avoid____ their weaknesses.

One possible version:

____ Today, please allow me to deliver a brief speech on the career I will take up in the future. Undoubtedly, I have great expectations for the future job as everyone else does. My dream career is to be a tour guide.

Since my early age, I have been admiring tour guides who travel worldwide, enjoying the spectacular scenery, appreciating different cultures and enriching their life experience at the same time. Besides, this career is financially rewarding as well so that I can live a well-off life. Additionally, I will have more opportunities to meet people from all walks of life, which is both challenging and interesting.

To be a good guide is no easy job, for it requires years of arduous practice and continual learning. It is the wide range of knowledge, professionalism and dedication that mould a highly qualified tour guide. Therefore, my dream cannot be fulfilled without industrious work to pave the way.

____

解析

单选题

略 略 略 略 略 略 略 略 略 略 略 略 略 略 略

填空题

略 略 略 略 略


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