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外国人最想和你聊的时事话题:动漫卡通

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2018年10月12日

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 What is cartoon 什么是动漫卡通
     The word cartoon has various meanings, based on several very different forms of visual art and illustration. The artists who draw cartoons are known as cartoonists.
     A cartoon (from the Italian "cartone" and Dutch word "karton", meaning strong, heavy paper or pasteboard) is a full-size drawing made on sturdy paper as a study or modello for a painting, stained glass or tapestry. Cartoons were typically used in the production of frescoes, to accurately link the component parts of the composition when painted on damp plaster over a series of days (giornate).
     Such cartoons often have pinpricks along the outlines of the design; a bag of soot was then patted or "pounced" over the cartoon, held against the wall to leave black dots on the plaster ("pouncing"). Cartoons by painters, such as the Raphael Cartoons in London and examples by Leonardo da Vinci, are highly prized in their own right. Tapestry cartoons, usually colored, were followed by eye by the weavers on the loom.
     In modern print media, a cartoon is a piece of art, usually humorous in intent. This usage dates from 1843 when Punch magazine applied the term to satirical drawings in its pages, particularly sketches by John Leech. The first of these parodied the preparatory cartoons for grand historical frescoes in the then-new Palace of Westminster. The original title for these drawings was Mr. Punch's face is the letter Q and the new title "cartoon" was intended to be ironic, a reference to the self-aggrandizing posturing of Westminster politicians.
     Comic strips, also known as "cartoon strips" in the United Kingdom, are found daily in newspapers worldwide, and are usually a short series of cartoon illustrations in sequence. In the United States they are not as commonly called "cartoons" themselves, but rather "comics"or "funnies". Nonetheless, the creators of comic strips-as well as comic books and graphic novels-are usually referred to as "cartoonists". Although humor is the most prevalent subject matter, adventure and drama are also represented in this medium. Noteworthy cartoonists of humor strips include Scott Adams, Steve Bell, Charles Schulz, E. C. Segar, Mort Walker and Bill Watterson.
     Because of the stylistic similarities between comic strips and early animated movies, "cartoon" came to refer to animation, and the word"cartoon" is currently used to refer to both animated cartoons and gag cartoons. While "animation" designates any style of illustrated images seen in rapid succession to give the impression of movement, the word"cartoon" is most often used in reference to TV programs and short films for children featuring anthropomorphized animals, superheroes, the adventures of child protagonists and related genres.
     At the end of the 1980s, the word "cartoon" was shortened, and the word "toon" came into usage with the live action/animated feature Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988), followed two years later by the TV series Tiny Toon Adventures (1990).
     "动漫"(comic and animation)是动画和漫画的合称与缩写(abbreviation)。随着现代传媒技术(media technology)的发展,动画(animation或anime)和漫画(comics,manga;特别是故事性漫画)之间联系日趋紧密,两者常被合而为"动漫"。
     "卡通"一词是由外文(源自英文:Cartoon;意大利文:cartone;荷兰语:karton)音译而来,本身即具有多种含义在内。主要以漫画、动画为主。狭义的意思是指美国和欧洲等地的漫画和动画(带有儿童倾向的幽默动画作品)。







     Hunan ShengTang Cartoon Company provides fine works for children and vast cartoon fans, aiming at promoting national culture and forging famous cartoon brand.
     圣堂卡通为少年儿童及广大动漫爱好者提供精品食粮,立志推广民族学问,打造动漫品牌。
     Creative Power Entertaining (CPE) is a professional AV production house with a special strength in animated cartoon creation.
     广东原创动力学问传播有限企业是一家集影视制作、卡通动漫创作于一体的专业影视制作企业。
     Japan's beloved cartoon robo-cat Doraemon took on a new role Wednesday as an "anime ambassador" in a bid to promote the nation's culture and its animation.
     深受人们喜爱的日本卡通形象"机器猫"--"哆啦A梦"于本周三接受了一项新使命,它将担任日本"动漫大使",向全世界推广日本学问。
     The appointment is part of Japan's recent effort to harness the power of pop culture in diplomacy. Astro Boy, another cartoon icon, was named last November as ambassador for overseas safety.
     近年来,日本开始大力推动"流行学问"外交,任命机器猫为"动漫大使"也是该计划的一部分。去年11月,日本另一个卡通人物"阿童木"被任命为"海外安全大使"。
     Unlimited updates of winks and moods make you special everyday.
     无限更新的传情动漫和动态图片让你天天与众不同.。
     People cannot gain anything without sacrificing something; you must present something of equal value in order to gain something. This is the principle of equivalent trade in the whole cartoon.
     人们不可能在不失去的情况下得到些什么,你必须为所得到的东西付出相同价值的其他东西,这种等价交换的原则贯穿整部动漫。
     Meanwhile, the Cartoon and Animation Expo also received 430, 000 visitors during the7-day holiday.
     同时,7天的假期中,参观动漫展的人数也达到了43万人次。
     Interestingly, "otaku" is also used in the West to refer to a person who is infatuated with anime.
     有趣的是,御宅族在西方也用来指称着迷于动漫的人。
     From Tokyo to Tacoma, cosplayers strut their stuff at role-playing parties, cosplay shows and anime conventions.
     从东京到塔科马市,各地的扮演者纷纷在角色扮演派对、角色扮演秀以及动漫大会中炫耀自己的装备。
     Here's a big picture that consists of a large number of Japanese animation or comics characters, see how many can you get?
     这里有一幅图画,内藏很多日本动漫画的角色人物,看看你可认出几个?
     Bold, cartoonish icons may be great if you're designing a Web site for kids, whereas precise, conservatively rendered icons may be more appropriate to a productivity application.
     如果你设计的网站是给孩子看的,那么可以采用粗犷且卡通式的图标。对于生产方面的应用,则要使用细致并保守一些的图标。
     That film is a blend of animation and live action.
     这部影片搀杂着卡通和实地拍摄。
     The kids glued their eyes to the TV set, watching a cartoon.
     孩子们目不转睛地盯着电视机看卡通片。
     The cartoon ended with collapse of stout party.
     卡通以一个自以为是的人斗败后目瞪口呆作为结束。
     The man looks like a cartoon character with a plaster on his temple.
     那人太阳穴上贴了一块膏药,看上去像个卡通人物。
     The organization continued to use a "Good Farmer" cartoon logo to promote accredited produce.
     这个组织继续以"好农夫"卡通形象,推广信誉农场产品。




     Rebecca: This is all way too complicated. I can't take it. Life shouldn't be like this.
     瑞贝卡:现在搞得有点儿太复杂了吧。我接受不了。生活不应该是这样的。
     Carlos: Easy, girl! Is everything ok?
     卡洛斯:放松。怎么了?
     Rebecca: So not okay. This stupid woman compares her husband with Mr. Wolf. She thinks she needs a divorce. But she is pregnant with her husband's baby. Now she wants an abortion.
     瑞贝卡:很不好。那个傻女人把自己的老公和灰太狼比较。她觉得她应该离婚。但是她又怀着她老公的孩子。她想堕胎。
     Carlos: Mr. Wolf? The animation TV show?
     卡洛斯:灰太狼?那个动画片?
     Rebecca: Exactly! How can she trust a wolf? Isn't a real man better than a cartoon wolf?
     瑞贝卡:就是的啊。 你怎么可以相信一只狼呢?一个真人比不上一只狼?
     Carlos: Crazy girl! I'm lucky I have you, baby.
     卡洛斯:疯女人!有你,我真的很幸运,宝贝。
     Rebecca: Well, but she has a point anyway. That cartoon wolf would make a perfect husband. His wife is everything to him. He earns the bread. He gives his wife all the money he makes. He...
     瑞贝卡:可是她说对了一点。那只卡通狼肯定会是一个很好的老公。他的老婆就是他的一切。他赚钱。还把所赚的钱全部交给老婆。他......
     Carlos: I know I am way out of line sometimes. But I love you more than that stupid wolf does.
     卡洛斯:我知道我有时候过分了点儿。但是我爱你要比那只笨狼多得多。
     Rebecca: He is not stupid. He is smart.
     瑞贝卡:他不笨。他很聪明。
     Carlos: See? Now you are one of them, babe. Don't you want a divorce as well?
     卡洛斯:看吧。你现在也是那些女人中的一个了。难道你也想离婚?
     Rebecca: Certainly not, I just think that the cartoons now reflect people's desire for their real life to a large extent.
     瑞贝卡:当然不是,我只是觉得现在的卡通很大程度上反映了人们对现实的希望。
     Carlos: Okay, I'll change my bad habit and become a realistic Mr. Wolf.
     卡洛斯:好吧,我会改掉自己的坏习惯,做一个现实中的灰太狼。
     Rebecca: That will be the best.
     瑞贝卡:这样最好了。
    
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